Indigenous Land Rights
Throughout the world, conflicts over natural resources and land allocation issues are intensifying. Such conflicts present obstacles both to land conservation efforts and to the protection of human rights.
Alistar International maintains a special competence in participatory land rights studies and self-determined land rights projects with indigenous groups. Since 1994, Alistar International has worked directly with the Mayangna and Miskitú Nations in the protection of their indigenous rights to traditional lands, including addressing articles of the 2007 U.N.D.R.I.P. (the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples). Alistar International focuses on documenting land claims, land use, land planning, and empowering local environmental stakeholders to participate in territorial, regional and national management and conservation of lands. Regarding methodology the Alistar International mission mandates coordination with governing territorial leadership represented in indigenous governments, academic institutions, and religious and socio-cultural centers. Alistar International coordinates local input and activities, linking the project to relevant ongoing initiatives and peace discussions.
In the defense of the indigenous right to land, Alistar International has worked along with the United Nations, U.S.A.I.D., and the World Bank, among others, in identifying the most relevant, useful, and successful methods. As such, projects focus on four primary areas:
1) Cultural and Historical Cartography - involving territorial limits of an "ethno-map" or "cultural map"
2) Topographic maps - with the assistance of community technical navigation, G.P.S., etc.
3) Socio-economic investigation and summary of data (using multiple-triangulation methods)
4) Collection and Organization of Oral History
5) Legal review of land claims, titles, and applicable land law
6) Legal title defense in local, regional, national, and international levels
Publication on Indigenous Land Titling Efforts of Alistar International:
Greer, Nan Marie (2014) "The Mayangna Resolve to Save the Rainforest, their Homelands" In Occupy the Earth: Global Environmental Movements. [Published online: 26 Nov 2014; 117-136]
ALISTAR INTERNATIONAL RELIES ON THE FOLLOWING FIELD METHODS:
COMMUNITY-BASED PARTICIPATORY METHODS